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ahjanss.ga is the most popular, comprehensive and up-to-date source of drug information online. Providing free, peer-reviewed, accurate and independent data on more than 24, prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines & natural products. Recreational drug use is the use of a drug (legal, controlled, or illegal) with the primary intention of altering the state of consciousness through alteration of the central nervous system in order to create positive emotions and feelings. The hallucinogen LSD is a psychoactive drug commonly used as a recreational drug. ahjanss.ga provides accurate and independent information on more than 24, prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 1 Aug ), Cerner Multum™ (updated 1 Aug ), Wolters Kluwer™ (updated.

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A drug is any substance that causes a change in an organism's physiology or psychology when consumed. Drugs are typically distinguished from food and substances that provide nutritional support. Consumption of drugs can be via inhalationinjectionsmokingingestiondrug article, absorption via a patch on the skin, or dissolution under the tongue.

In pharmacologya drug is a chemical substance, typically of known structure, which, when administered to a living organism, produces a biological effect. Pharmaceutical drugs are often drug article into drug classes —groups of related drugs that have similar chemical structuresthe same mechanism of action binding to the same biological targeta related mode of actionand that are used to treat the same disease.

Another major classification system is the Biopharmaceutics Classification System. This classifies drugs according to their solubility and permeability or absorption properties. Psychoactive drugs are chemical substances that affect the function of the central nervous drug articlealtering perceptionmood or consciousness. These psychotropic drugs have drug article proven useful in treating wide range of medical conditions including mental disorders around the world.

The most widely used drugs in the world include caffeinenicotine and alcohol[12] which are also considered recreational drugssince they are used for pleasure rather than medicinal purposes. Many recreational drugs are illicit and international treaties such as the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs exist for the purpose of their prohibition.

In English, the noun "drug" is thought to originate from Old French "drogue", drug article, possibly deriving later into "droge-vate" from Middle Dutch meaning "dry barrels", referring to medicinal plants preserved in them. A medication or medicine is a drug taken to cure or ameliorate any symptoms of an illness or medical condition. The use may also be as preventive medicine that has future benefits but does not treat any existing or pre-existing diseases or symptoms.

Dispensing of medication is often regulated by governments into three categories— over-the-counter medications, which are available in pharmacies and supermarkets without special restrictions; behind-the-counter medicines, drug article, which are dispensed by a pharmacist without needing a doctor's prescription, and prescription only medicineswhich must be prescribed by a licensed medical professionalusually a physician, drug article.

In the United Kingdom, behind-the-counter medicines are called pharmacy medicines which can only be sold in registered pharmacies, by or under the supervision of a pharmacist. These medications are designated by the letter P on the label. Medications are typically produced by pharmaceutical companies drug article are often patented to give the developer exclusive rights to produce them. Those that are not patented or with expired patents are called generic drugs since they can be produced by other companies without restrictions or licenses from the patent holder.

Pharmaceutical drugs are usually categorised into drug classes. A group of drugs will share a similar chemical structure drug article, or have the same mechanism of actionthe same related mode of action or target the same illness or related illnesses. This groups drugs according to their solubility and permeability or absorption properties.

Some religions, particularly ethnic religions are based completely on the use of certain drugs, known as entheogenswhich are mostly hallucinogens ,— psychedelicsdissociativesor deliriants. Some drugs used as entheogens include kava which can act as a stimulanta sedativea euphoriant and an anesthetic.

The roots of the kava plant are used to produce a drink which is consumed throughout the cultures of the Pacific Ocean. Some shamans from different cultures use entheogens, defined as "generating the divine within" [21] to achieve religious ecstasy.

Mazatec shamans have a long and continuous tradition of religious use of Salvia divinorum a psychoactive plant. Its use is to facilitate visionary states of consciousness during spiritual healing sessions. Silene undulata is regarded by the Xhosa people as a sacred plant and used as drug article entheogen.

Its root is traditionally used to induce vivid and according to the Xhosa, drug article, prophetic lucid dreams during drug article initiation drug article of shamansclassifying it a naturally occurring oneirogen similar to the more well-known dream herb Calea ternifolia.

Peyote a small spineless cactus has been a drug article source of psychedelic mescaline and has probably been used by Native Americans for at least five thousand years. The entheogenic use of cannabis has also been widely practised [27] for centuries. Psychedelic mushrooms psilocybin mushroomscommonly called drug article mushrooms or shrooms have also long been used as entheogens. Nootropicsalso commonly referred to as "smart drugs", drug article, are drugs that are claimed to improve human cognitive abilities.

Nootropics are used to improve memory, concentration, thought, mood, and learning. An increasingly used nootropic among students, also known as a study drugis methylphenidate branded commonly as Ritalin and used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD and narcolepsy. Evidence for use outside of student settings is limited but suggests that that it is commonplace. Some nootropics are also now beginning to be used to treat drug article conditions such as Parkinson's diseaseand Alzheimer's disease.

They are also commonly used to regain brain drug article lost during aging. Other drugs known as designer drugs are produced. An early example of what today would be labelled a 'designer drug' was LSDwhich was synthesised from ergot, drug article. Since the late s there has been the identification of many drug article these synthesised drugs.

In Japan and the United Kingdom this has spurred the addition of many designer drugs into a newer class of controlled substances known as a temporary class drug. Synthetic cannabinoids have been produced for a longer period of time and are used in the designer drug synthetic cannabis. Recreational drug use is the use of a drug legal, controlled, or illegal drug article the primary intention of altering the state of consciousness through alteration of the central nervous system in order to drug article positive emotions and feelings.

The hallucinogen LSD is a psychoactive drug commonly used as a recreational drug. Some national laws prohibit the use of different recreational drugs; and medicinal drugs that have the potential for recreational use are often heavily regulated. However, there are many recreational drugs that are legal in many jurisdictions and widely culturally accepted.

Cannabis is the most commonly drug article controlled recreational drug in the world as of It can be used in the leaf form of marijuana grassor in the resin drug article of hashish, drug article. Marijuana is a more mild form of cannabis than hashish.

There may be an age restriction on the consumption and purchase of legal recreational drugs. Some recreational drugs that are legal and accepted in many places include alcoholtobaccobetel nutand caffeine products, drug article, and in some areas of the world the legal use of drugs such as khat is common.

There are a number of legal intoxicants commonly called legal highs that are used recreationally. The most widely used of these is alcohol. All drugs, drug article, can be administered via a number of routesand many can be administered by more than one. There are numerous governmental offices in many countries that deal with the control and oversee of drug manufacture and use, and the implementation of various drug laws.

The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is an international treaty brought about in to prohibit the use of narcotics save for those used in medical research and treatment. Ina second treaty the Convention on Psychotropic Substances had to be introduced to deal with newer recreational psychoactive and psychedelic drugs. The legal status of Salvia divinorum varies in many countries and even in states within the United States, drug article.

Where it is legislated against the degree of prohibition also varies. The Food and Drug Administration FDA in the United States is a federal agency responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safetytobacco productsdietary supplementsdrug article, drug article and over-the-counter medicationsvaccinesbiopharmaceuticalsblood transfusionsmedical deviceselectromagnetic radiation emitting devices, drug article, cosmeticsdrug article, animal foods [39] and veterinary drugs.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Drug disambiguation. Substance having an effect on the body. Main articles: Pharmaceutical drug and Drug class. Main article: Entheogen. Main articles: Nootropic and Designer drug. Main article: Recreational drug use.

Further information: Prohibition of drugs. Main article: Route of administration. Bolus is the administration of a medication, drug or other compound that is given to raise its concentration in blood to an effective level. The administration can be given intravenously, drug article, by intramuscular, intrathecal or subcutaneous injection.

Inhaledbreathed into the lungsdrug article, as an aerosol or dry powder. This includes smoking a substance Injection as a solutiondrug article, suspension or emulsion either: intramusculardrug article, intravenousintraperitonealintraosseous.

Insufflationor snorted into the nose. Orally drug article, as a liquid or solid, that is absorbed drug article the intestines. Rectally as a suppositorythat is absorbed by the rectum or colon. Sublinguallydiffusing into the blood through tissues under the tongue, drug article.

Topicallyusually as a cream or ointment. A drug administered in this manner may be given to act locally or systemically. Pharmacy and Pharmacology portal. Meredith Hopes ed. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 26 July Retrieved 15 January Archived from the original on 11 April Retrieved Random House. Archived from the original on 14 September — via Dictionary.

Stedman's Medical Dictionary. Archived from the original on Retrieved — via Drugs, drug article. M, Dale; J. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. Biotechnol Adv. The American Heritage Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. Archived from the original on 14 September


Prescription Drug Abuse - The New York Times


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Jul 31,  · Drug Abuse Articles, Drug Addiction Articles. Natasha Tracy. These are all the drug abuse articles and articles on drug addiction on the HealthyPlace website. These articles on drug abuse and addiction are broken down into two categories, so you can easily find the information you are looking for. Addiction is a disease that affects your brain and behavior. When you’re addicted to drugs, you can’t resist the urge to use them, no matter how much harm the drugs may cause. Drug addiction Author: Teresa Dumain. ahjanss.ga is the most popular, comprehensive and up-to-date source of drug information online. Providing free, peer-reviewed, accurate and independent data on more than 24, prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines & natural products.